In March 2006 the Peruvian state signed a contract with the Brazilian enterprise Petrobras for the exploitation of gas and oil in 'lote 117'. This area overlaps with both the territories of the Secoya and the Kichwa as with the officially recognised natural reserve of Guëppí.
The Secoya and Kichwa peoples were not consulted prior to the signing of this agreement. This is a violation of Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO). The exploitation of oil includes grave risks for health and environment on which the indigenous communities are highly dependent. In different declarations both OISPE and FIKAPIR informed the Peruvian state that they do not agree with the planned exploitation.